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Last suppers: frescoes from the Renaissance

A recurrent theme in Florentine Renaissance fresco painting is the Last Supper
The Last Supper seemed a singularly appropriate choice of subject for decorating the large convent refectories, especially in Florence, because it offered monastic communities an ideal theme for meditation and prayer when they gathered together at mealtimes.

003-ng_museo_di_san_marco_cenacoloA recurrent theme in Florentine Renaissance fresco painting is the Last Supper
The Last Supper seemed a singularly appropriate choice of subject for decorating the large convent refectories, especially in Florence, because it offered monastic communities an ideal theme for meditation and prayer when they gathered together at mealtimes.
Throughout the 14th century the scene of the Last Supper was included in the large-scale fresco cycles illustrating the Life and Passion of Christ. In the 15th century, with the development of notions of perspective, an entire wall began to be given over to the subject, and it became an independent scene in its own right. Following the 19th-century suppressions of monastic orders, the cenacles (refectories decorated with a representation of the Last Supper) ceased to be part of closed orders and became important artistic monuments that are now open to the public.



ng_ultima_cena_di_taddeo_gaddi_cenacolo_di_santa_croce

Cenacolo di S. Croce. Last Supper by Taddeo Gaddi (c. 1340) and, above, the Tree of the Cross and other scenes, fresco. Once attributed to Giotto, it is perhaps the first great depiction of the Last Supper in Florence.
Florence, Museo dell’Opera di S.Croce. Large hall of the former 14th-century refectory.



cenacolo_di_santo_spirito_andrea_orcagnaCenacolo di Santo Spirito. Fragment of a Last Supper (beneath the Crucifixion) by Andrea Orcagna (c. 1370), fresco.
Florence, former refectory of S. Spirito, Fondazione Romano.



ultima_cena_andrea_del_castagno_cenacolo_di_santa_apolloniaCenacolo di Santa Apollonia. The frescoed Last Supper (before 1450), above which there are depictions of the Crucifixion, Deposition and Resurrection, is one of Andrea Del Castagno's masterpieces.
Florence, Museo del Cenacolo di Sant'Apollonia, via XXVII Aprile, 1, former refectory of the Convent of S. Apollonia.



ultima_cena_domenico_ghirlandaio_cenacolo_tavarnelle_val_di_pesa_badia_a_passignanoCenacolo della Badia di Passignano (temporarily closed). The first of the great depictions of the Last Supper produced by Domenico Ghirlandaio (1476), this fresco painting is on the wall of the monastery's refectory.
Tavarnelle Val di Pesa, Badia di Passignano.



convento_di_ognissanti_cenacolo_domenico_ghirlandaioCenacolo di Ognissanti. On the end wall of the large refectory in the Convent of Ognissanti is a frescoed Last Supper by Domenico Ghirlandaio (1480). The sinopia of the fresco is also visible.
Florence, Cenacolo del Ghirlandaio, Borgognissanti, 42.



ng-ultima_cena_domenico_ghirlandaio_museo_di_san_marcoCenacolo di San Marco. Decorating the wall of the small refectory of the Dominican convent of San Marco is a fresco of the Last Supper (c.1482) by Domenico Ghirlandaio.
Florence, Museo di San Marco, piazza San Marco, 1.



Ultima Cena Perugino Cenacolo di Fuligno

Cenacolo di Fuligno. In the refectory of the former convent of the Tertiary Franciscans of S. Onofrio, known as the Cenacolo di Foligno, Perugino painted a Last Supper (c. 1495) with a bright Umbrian background, while the figures appear to have been executed by his school.
Florence, Conservatorio di Fuligno, via Faenza, 42.


convento_della_calza_cenacolo_franciabigio_ultima_cena

Cenacolo della Calza. The convent where Franciabigio frescoed the entire end wall with the Last Supper (1514) was originally known as S. Giovanni alla Porta di San Pier Gattolino. Its current name derives from the hood of the mantle worn by the Ingesuati monks.
Florence, Convento della Calza, piazza della Calza, 6.



antico_refettorio_della_abbazia_vallombrosana_cenacolo_di_san_salvi_andrea_del_sartoCenacolo di San Salvi. In the ancient refectory of the Vallombrosan abbey on the outskirts of Florence, Andrea del Sarto produced a naturalistic fresco of the Last Supper. Begun in 1519 and completed in 1527, it is his most spectacular masterpiece and one of the most beautiful paintings ever produced.
Florence, Cenacolo di Andrea del Sarto, via San Salvi, 16.




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